Do you feel that your joints are swollen? Do you feel the stiffness in your joints in the morning time and that stays for over an hour? Do you feel that your joints are paining and there is tenderness in the joints? Then, you must go to a doctor to get yourself checked. It may happen that you feel your whole body is affected by the above symptoms or you might get some other symptoms like hair loss, skin rashes, fever, dry mouth and eye inflammation. All these symptoms are of a serious illness that can damage the joints to a high level called Inflammatory Arthritis.
The thing is that Inflammatory Arthritis is actually a group of diseases that is generally characterized by the inflammation of the joints and some other tissues. Inflammatory Arthritis includes the following:
- Rheumatoid Arthritis: This one is an autoimmune disease. In this disease, the immune system of the patient itself attacks the joints of the body. This leads to the inflammation of the tissue lining the insides of the joints (the synovium), making it thicken and result in pain and swelling of the joints.
- Psoriatic Arthritis: In this one, the immune system of the body attacks the joints and the skin of the patient itself instead of protecting them. Psoriasis is a skin disease causing the itchy, scaly rashes and the crumbling nails. People having the problem of Psoriasis can develop this type of Inflammatory Arthritis having the problem in their joints and the skin. This one affects the whole body and can actually damage permanently the tissue and joints if not diagnosed and treated early.
- Ankylosing Spondylitis:This disease is a dangerous one. It affects the joints and ligaments that are present along the spine. The inflammation in the beginning causes pain and stiffness in the lower back and progresses to the upper spine, neck and chest. With time, the vertebrae can fuse together which can cause the spine to get inflexible and rigid. The joints like shoulders, knees and hips can also get affected and this disease can also affect organs as it is systemic disease.
- Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis:This one is the most common form of arthritis found in children. It is an auto-inflammatory disease. It has six subtypes and they are:
- Systemic JIA: This one causes inflammation of joints and come up with high fever lasting for at least 2 weeks and a skin rash is also accompanied.
- Oligoarticular JIA: Causes the inflammation in larger joints like elbows, knees and ankles. Children affected with this one are more prone to chronic eye inflammation (uveitis).
- Polyarticular JIA: This one causes inflammation in five or more joints and especially to the smaller ones like hands and fingers. With this, the jaws and the weight-bearing joints can also get affected.
- Juvenile psoriatic arthritis: This one is caused with the combination of skin and joints inflammation.
- Enthesitis-related JIA: The tenderness called enthesitis, where bone meets the ligament, tendon or other connective tissue gets inflamed in this disease. It is most likely to occur in hips, knees and feet. It is more common in boys of the age between 8-15.
- Undifferentiated Arthritis: This one is used to describe the type that has symptoms of two or more subtypes.
- Systemic Lupus Erythematosus:This disease is a chronic, autoimmune one. Lupus is a systemic disease and affects major part of the body which includes the kidneys, joints, blood, skin, brain and many other organs. This one is the most dangerous form of Lupus and can cause very serious damage to the organs of the body.
If you or anyone whom you know is going through any of the symptoms discussed above, do not wait a minute more and rush to a doctor so that the problem can be diagnosed earlier and treated earlier without doing much damage to any part of the body.