The ankle deformity can be a rally painful thing that anyone can have. These deformities that are present in the ankle region can be by born or can erupt during the lifetime. Well, deformities of the ankle regions that can be seen often. One of the deformities that can be seen is Equinus. It is a condition where the upward bending motion of the ankle is just limited. A person who has got equinus lacks the flexibility of bringing the foot top towards the front of the leg. It can occur in both the feet or one of the feet. If the deformity tends to involve both feet, the motion limitation can be worse in one foot than the other one. People suffering from this problem develop different ways for compensating with the limited motion of the ankle and this can lead to other foot, back or leg problems. The most common compensation method is flattening the arch or picking the heel early when they are walking, placing increased pressure on the foot ball. Others might compensate by toe walking, while smaller number of people tend to take steps by bending abnormally at the knee or hip.
The other one that can be seen is ankle varus. It is a condition in which ankles turns to roll out, diminishing the stability and the overall body alignment. If this problem is left untreated, ankle varus can lead to chronic ankle instability also. People suffering from this trouble often experience an increase in the sprains and a progress in weakening of the foot ligaments.
Tendon Injuries And Other Problems
Tendons are tough tissue bands responsible for connecting muscles to bones. The Achilles tendon are the ones that connect the gastrocnemius of calf and soleus muscles to the heel bone. This is one of the longest tendons in body and important for walking and running. Tendon injuries in the foot and ankle are pretty common. A simple tendonitis can turn into something like a chronic condition that can even need a surgery. There are many tendon injuries that occur commonly and can range from mild ones to serious ones. Some of the common injuries that you have to look after are given below:
Tendonitis is a condition where heel gets inflamed and tender, occurs when Achilles tendon gets strained because of overusing. This one can happen to anyone, usually after chronic strain, but can also occur even after an acute injury.
Chronic tendonitis can get worse if it not treated soon, Scar tissue is formed when several tiny micro tears form in a tendon, and this condition is called Achilles tendinosis. The scar tissue is the reason that tendon becomes painful and thicker.
Achilles Tendon Rupture
You know, an acute rupture of the Achilles tendon can lead to a serious problem if it is not treated. The rupture of the tendon also accompanies the pain but if the tendon is torn, person gets immobile. If the tendon rupture is not treated soon, the ends of tendon can separate to a degree where there is no chance of reattachment left.
Chronic Achilles Tendon Tear
Sometimes, the Achilles tear is partial first and as it comes with pain, many people get it treated before it could turn worse. A chronic Achilles tendon tear can occur when a tendon that is partially torn, completely ruptures. In such cases, reattachment is the not the option as tendon has a chance of separation.
These occur usually on the heel when Achilles tendon is pulled too tightly on bone. This bone spurs do not require any treatment as they are painless but when the surrounding tissue starts getting irritated, physical therapy becomes a need for relieving the pain.